During the 1930s, under Soviet Communist rule, the Buddhist culture of Mongolia came under full attack, and tens of thousands of monks and nuns were murdered, deported to concentration camps in the Soviet Union, or driven into exile.
All but half a dozen of Mongolia’s 1000 temples were destroyed, and the few that remained were converted into military, or storage facilities for the Communist army. Libraries were burned, artworks melted down for their metal content or, cut into blocks for building material, and buildings torched. The cultural purges of the 1930s saw complete destruction of all pre-communist culture, and Buddhism was at the top of the list of targets.
The fall of the Soviet Union in 1989 brought dramatic changes to the Mongol regions inside and outside of Russia. Mongolia managed to free themselves from Communist control in 1990 and since then the country entered a rebuilding phase. In 1990 there was only one monastery in the country, Ganden Tegchenling, compared to more than 1,200 in 1920.
There are now well over a hundred monasteries, although only a few monks and even less teachers are residing in them.
FPMT Mongolia’s mission is to support the revival of Buddhism in Mongolia
In these pages you can read what we have done over the past 17 years and all of this is due to the kindness of our generous benefactors. If you feel to share in this mission, please click here to find ways in which you can help.